会计类,外语类,医学类,资格类,学历类,工程类,司法考试-魁网(kui.cc)所选必属精品! 零起点 三级 四六级 职称 商务 自考 公共 雅思 托福 攻硕 申硕 翻译 新概念法律语言GRE日语法语德语韩语俄语西班牙意大利更多>>
会计从业 会计实务 初级会计 中级会计 高级会计 注册会计 ACCA 经济师 审计师 资产评估 统计师 税务师 价格鉴证 人力资源更多>>
卫生资格 护士护师 主管护师 主治医 中西医师 临床医师 公卫助 口腔助 检验技师 执业药师 临床助 口腔 中医师 主管药师 更多>>
造价 咨询 安全 结构 建筑师 评价 造价员 造价 物业 建造师 监理 岩土 环保 规划师 设备 公路 评价师 质量 估价 项目管理更多>>
材料员 房地产经纪 登记代理 营养师 心理咨询 出版资格 教师资格 职称计算机 银行从业 证券从业 期货从业 基金从业 证卷经纪 管理咨询师 理财规划 国家秘书 实用创业 物流师 社会工作师 更多>>报关员 报检员 外销员 考 研 工程硕士 考博 法律顾问 法律教育
雅思培训网 精品网校 医学实用技术培训网 小语种培训网 上海考试信息网 有奖注册通道>> 免费学习 如何做网站 法律法规

2009年在职申硕英语考试--阅读理解Passage 3 
  The U.S. court system, as part of the federal system of government, is characterized by dual hierarchies: there are both state and federal courts. Each state has its own system of courts, composed of civil and criminal trial courts, sometimes intermediate courts of appeal, and a state supreme court. The federal court system consists of a series of trial courts (called district courts) serving relatively small geographic regions (there is at least one for every state), a tier (系列,等级) of circuit (巡回) courts of appeal that hear appeals from many district courts in a particular geographic region, and the Supreme Court of the United States. The two court systems are to some extent overlapping, in that certain kinds of disputes (such as a claim that a state law is in violation of the Constitution) may be initiated in either system. They are also to some extent hierarchical, for the federal system stands above the state system in that litigants (诉讼当事人)(persons engaged in lawsuits)who lose their cases in the state supreme court may appeal their cases to the Supreme Court of the United States.
.  Thus, the typical court case begins in a trial court – a court of general jurisdiction (司法) in the state or federal system. Most cases go no further than the trial court for example, the criminal defendant is convicted (by a trial or a guilty plea) and sentenced by the court and the case ends; the personal injury suit results in a judgment by a trial court (or an out-of-court settlement by the parties while the court suit is pending (悬而未决的)) and the parties leave the court system. But sometimes the losing party at the trial court care enough about the course that the matter does not end there. In these cases, the “loser” at the trial court may appeal to the next higher court.
56. Whatdoes the passage mainly discuss?
A. Civil and criminal courts.
B. Typical court cases.
C. The court system in the U.S.
D. The appeal court process.
57. In the last sentence of the first paragraph, the phrase “engaged in” could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. Committed to.
B. Involved in.
C. Attentive to.
D. Engrossed in.
58. The passage indicates that litigants who lost their cases in the state trial court may take them to a __________.
A. different trial court in the same state
B. court in a different geographic region
C. federal trial court
D. state supreme court
59. It can be inferred from the passage that typical court cases are __________.
A. always appealed
B. usually resolved in the district courts
C. always overlapping
D. usually settled by the Supreme Court
60. Which of the following is most likely to be the subject of the paragraph following the passage?
A. the process of an appeal.
B. out-of-court settlements.
C. The state court structure.
D. Sentencing procedure.   
用户: 密码:
搜索: 设为首页 加入收藏 
关于我们联系方式网站地图
版权所有 Copyright©.魁网.教育在线 备案序号:粤ICP备08120147号
[email protected] http:// kui.cc All Rights Reserved.