会计类,外语类,医学类,资格类,学历类,工程类,司法考试-魁网(kui.cc)所选必属精品! 零起点 三级 四六级 职称 商务 自考 公共 雅思 托福 攻硕 申硕 翻译 新概念法律语言GRE日语法语德语韩语俄语西班牙意大利更多>>
会计从业 会计实务 初级会计 中级会计 高级会计 注册会计 ACCA 经济师 审计师 资产评估 统计师 税务师 价格鉴证 人力资源更多>>
卫生资格 护士护师 主管护师 主治医 中西医师 临床医师 公卫助 口腔助 检验技师 执业药师 临床助 口腔 中医师 主管药师 更多>>
造价 咨询 安全 结构 建筑师 评价 造价员 造价 物业 建造师 监理 岩土 环保 规划师 设备 公路 评价师 质量 估价 项目管理更多>>
材料员 房地产经纪 登记代理 营养师 心理咨询 出版资格 教师资格 职称计算机 银行从业 证券从业 期货从业 基金从业 证卷经纪 管理咨询师 理财规划 国家秘书 实用创业 物流师 社会工作师 更多>>报关员 报检员 外销员 考 研 工程硕士 考博 法律顾问 法律教育
雅思培训网 精品网校 医学实用技术培训网 小语种培训网 上海考试信息网 有奖注册通道>> 免费学习 如何做网站 法律法规

2009年在职申硕英语考试--阅读理解Passage 2
  Some day there will be a robot that takes the drudgery out of housework – and even cleans windows, but how soon such a robot will emerge is anybody’s guess. Mr. Joseph Engelberger, President of Unimation, Inc., which makes industrial robots, says a workable domestic robot might take shape by the late 1980s, but Mr. Ben Skora, an amateur robot builder now working on his second creation, predicts household robots in about fifty years, and the Director of Stanford University’s Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Dr. John McCarthy, says domestic robots are anywhere from five to five hundred years away.
.  Although robots are already widely used in industry – from welding car parts to handling explosives – the gap between the industrial robot and a domestic one is great, according to Dr. McCarthy. Closing the gap will require an intellectual break-through.
  “Take the task of clearing the table and washing the dishes,” he suggested. “The robots will have to be able to discriminate between rubbish and dishes that should be washed and, meanwhile, not trip over the dog or baby on the floor on its way to the dishwasher.”
He said that the robot, which he defines as a general purpose physical action machine that is automatically controlled, probably will not end up looking anything like a human being. Instead the robot might have a central “brain” that controls a whole army of bodies, like a staff of servants, each assigned to a specific duty.
Mr. Engelberger thinks the domestic robot is right around in corner, just waiting for an economic boost to help it over the remaining technological hurdles. He expects the household robot to be modeled after an industrial forebear.
  “But the person who wants a robot will have to build this world around it,” Mr. Engelberger said. For example, a fellow building a house might spend twenty-five percent more to have it “robotised”. Such a “robotised” house probably would have to be free of stairs and other encumbrances (障碍物) that could trip a near-sighted robot, would provide special sockets (插座) for it to plug into, and would contain a “pantry” (餐具室) where the robot’s brain and tools would be stored.
  He added that the robot would probably have to use (by means of a sophisticated TV camera ) and have a sense of touch to do housework. It could even be programmed for some superhuman tasks, such as acting as a smoke-detector that would alert a family to a fire and then fight it.
51. The day domestic robots come into being is _________.
A. coming very soon
B. definite
C. impossible
D. uncertain
52. A domestic robot differs from an industrial one in that it _________.
A. will be much more effective
B. will be more intellectual
C. will be automatically controlled
D. will be more energy-saving
53. Mr. Engelberger deems that what hinders the development of domestic robots is the lack of _________.
A. moneybr
B. time
C. technology
D. energy
54. Mr. Engelberger thinks that the industrial robot _________.
A. is more useful than the domestic robot
B. is completely different from the domestic robot
C. is more complicated than the domestic robot
D. is likely to be used as a model for the domestic robot.
55. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
A. Domestic robot will undertake some hard, unpleasant and uninteresting housework.
B. Domestic robot will be designed human-like.
C. The using of industrial robot is pervasive now.
D. The future domestic robot should have great adaptability.   
用户: 密码:
搜索: 设为首页 加入收藏 
关于我们联系方式网站地图
版权所有 Copyright©.魁网.教育在线 备案序号:粤ICP备08120147号
[email protected] http:// kui.cc All Rights Reserved.