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外语六级考试辅导资料六级翻译练习及解析指导
  1. I am not sure whether I want to take this course;_______________(我第一周可否旁听)to see if I like it?

  2. The police are on the trail of new evidence _______________(希望能有助于该案的处理).

  3. The volume of trade between the two countries,as is reported,________________(增长了三倍多).

  4. My question is _______________(谁将接任该基金会主席职位).

  5. He looks honest,but ________________(外表有时是靠不住的),aren't they?

  1. may I sit in for the first week

  解析:分号之前表示原因:因为我不敢确定是否想学这门课程,所以能否让我第一周旁听看看是否喜欢它?"旁听"英语里说成sit in,如:sit in a lecture(旁听一个讲座)。另外,sit in也可以表示静坐,如:There were reports of students sitting in at several universities to pretest against racial discrimination.(多次报道几所大学学生静坐抗议种族歧视。)

  2. which they hope will help solve the case

  解析:我们把中午句子的含义补全就是"警察希望这些新证据能有助于该案的处理","新证据"已经在前文中出现,那么在这里我们需要把"能有助于该案的处理"译成后置定语来修饰new evidence。on the trail of意思是"在寻找"。

  3. has increased more than fourfold

  解析:本题是考查数字的译法,可以参考前面的节目。本句还要指出的是as在非限制性定语从句中的应用:as引导非限制性定语从句时,其先行项通常是整个主句。As从句的位置很灵活,可以出现在句首,句中(如本句)或句末,并与主句之间用逗号隔开。如:As he pointed out,the steady rise in quality owes much to the improvement of our equipment.(正如他指出的,质量的不断提高在很大程度上取决于设备的更新。)The night has turned cold,as is usual around here.(夜晚变得很冷,在这一带经常如此。)

  4. who will take over as president of the Foundation

  解析:这是wh-词引导的从句在句中作表语。本题的考点是:中文可以有"接任......的职位"的搭配,英文却不能说take over the position of,因为take over本身就包括"接任某职"的含义,因此只要将某一职位的名称译出来即可,用take over as...来表达。"该基金会"在句中是特指,因而"Foundation"的首字母要大写。

  5. appearances are sometimes deceiving解析:考生要看起来这是一个并列复合句。其规则之一是,疑问部分的主语要和后面句子的主语和谓语在人称、数、性、时态方面保持一致。题干部分已经给出 aren't they?因此,"外表"要用复数形式,谓语动词也要用复数形式,不能说appearance is sometimes deceiving。
 1. The government was accused ______________(没能实现其改善城市交通状况的承诺).

  2. Only in this way ______________(我们才能在毕业之后很快适应社会).

  3. No sooner ______________(我刚点着蜡烛,它就被吹灭了)by a violent draught.

  4. Surrounded by the police,the kidnappers ______________(没有选择只能当场投降).

  5. I'm very glad to know that _____________(作为一些服务的回报,我的老板慷慨地同意将我欠的债一笔勾销).

  1. of failure to fulfill its promise to improve urban traffic conditions/ of failing to fulfill its promise to improve urban traffic conditions

  解析:本题考查对accuse的用法及短语fulfill one's promise to...的掌握。accuse"指责、控告"常用于accuse sb. of sth./ doing sth.的结构,所以was accused of之后用failure和failing都可以。"实现......的承诺"用fulfill one's promise to表示,to后接动词原形。

  2. can we adapt (ourselves) to the society quickly after we graduate

  解析:本题考查对倒装句、adapt的用法以及after引导的时间状语从句的掌握。only引起的状语位于句首时,句子须部分倒装。本题中要将情态动词can提前。adapt作"适应"解时常用于adapt (oneself) to sth.的结构。在when,until,after,before,as soon as,once,the moment/the minute,the day引导的时间状语从句中,常常用一般现在时代替一般将来时(after we graduate)。

  3. had I lit the candle than it was put out

  解析:本题考查对句型no sooner...than...及短语put out的掌握。no sooner...than...表示"刚...就...,一...就...",但只用于过去时:主句通常用过去完成时,从句通常用一般过去时。No sooner 位于句首时,主句须部分倒装。Put out意为"熄灭"。

  4. had no choice but to surrender on the spot

  解析:本题考查对固定结构have no choice but to do及短语on the spot的掌握。have no choice but to do意为"除...之外别无选择",注意不要忽略to。短语on the spot意为"当场"。本句时态应为一般过去时。

  5. my boss has generously agreed to write off my debt in return for certain services

  解析:本题主要考查对一些短语的掌握。in return for表示"作为对......的回报或报答";write off表示"勾销,注销"。注意本句在整个句中是充当宾语的成分,故介词短语in return for...最好放到句子的结尾,不要按照其中文的语序直译。
1. People _______________(往往会发胖)after giving up cigarettes because they turn to snacks as a substitute.

  2. The frightened child _______________(紧紧抓住母亲的手臂).

  3. If we want to ________________(提前一个月完成这项工程的话),we have to hurry with it.

  4. When he succeeded in finishing his design,the technician _______________(似乎忘乎所以了).

  5. He is the sort of person ________________(你永远琢磨不透他讲的话).

  1. tend to put on weight

  解析:本句意为:很多人在戒烟后往往会发胖,因为他们会吃零食取而代之。"往往会发胖"表示一种趋势、发展方向,英文里要用tend这个词。有关用法是:tend to do(取向于做某事);have the tendency to do(有做某事的趋势)。"发胖"即put on weight或gain flesh.注意,overweight这个词往往带有贬义色彩,指重量超过正常、必要或被允许的限度的,要慎用。

  2. grips his mother's arm

  解析:在英语里,grip表示"紧紧抓住某人",已经包含了"紧紧地"含义,因此不需要译成grip one's arm tightly,但是可以说catch one's arm tightly,考生一定要注意英汉表达差异。grip也可以引申为"吸引住(注意力、兴趣等)",如:The story gripped our attention.(这个故事吸引了我们的注意力。)

  3. complete the project a month ahead of time

  解析:我们知道,if条件句通常表示假设情况,要用虚拟语气。但是,如果if条件句里的假设状况在现实中有可能会实现的话,提出的假设并不与现在、过去或将来事实想违背,那么,就不需要遵循虚拟语气原则,if条件句用一般时态即可。本题还考查了"提前某段时间"的英文表达"时间+ahead of time"。

  4. seemed to let himself go

  解析:本题考查习语"忘乎所以"的英译。Let oneself go表示尽情或尽兴、情不自禁、忘乎所以。如:Now that you come for dancing,you should let yourselves go.(既然你们来跳舞,就应该玩得尽兴。)

  5. whose words you never can make out

  解析:本句要从全句含义来把握。这句话实际是说:他是你永远琢磨不透他所讲的话的那种人。句子需填入部分是对先行词the sort of person的修饰。因此,我们需要的是一个由whose words引导的限制性定语从句,使全句结构紧凑。make out表示"理解、了解、猜得出"。本题也可以用并列复合句来翻译:and you can never make out his words。
 1. Being out of work and having two young children, ______________(夫妻俩发现勉强维持生计是不可能的).

  2. Generally speaking,______________(按照说明服用时),the drug has no side effect.

  3. Some people argue that most crime ______________(可归咎于对金钱的贪婪).

  4. ______________(发现很难适应那里的气候),he decided to move back to the north.

  5. Over a third of the population was estimated _____________(没有机会享受医疗保健服务).

  1. the couple found it impossible to make ends meet

  解析:本题考查对常见句型find it+adj.+to do sth.及短语make ends meet的掌握。Find it impossible to do sth.意为"发现......是不可能的",it是形式宾语,impossible为宾语补足语,动词不定式是真正的宾语。短语make ends meet是"使收支相抵,勉强维持生计"之意。

  2. when taken according to the direction/instruction

  解析:本题考查对分词短语作状语及词组according to的掌握。本句中分词短语作状语表示条件,相当于if the drug is taken...,分词的逻辑主语the drug与take之间是被动关系,所以应用过去分词短语作状语。词组according to意为"依照、按照"。

  3. can be attributed to the greed for money

  解析:本题考查对短语attribute to及常见搭配the greed for的掌握。attribute to意为"归咎于",可表示"归功于",也可表示"归咎于",crime与attribute是动宾关系,因此谓语要用被动语态(can be attributed to)。"对......的贪婪"用the greed for...表示。

  4. Finding it difficult to adapt to the climate there

  解析:本题考查分词短语作状语及短语adapt to的用法。句子主语he与动词"发现"是主谓关系,故应用现在分词短语作状语表示原因。常见句型find it difficult to do sth.表示"发现很难做某事",短语adapt to意为"适应"。

  5. to have no access to the health service

  解析:本题考查对不定式和have (no) access to固定搭配的掌握。空格处在句中作主语补足语,不定式变成被动语态以后,都必须加上to。have (no) access to为固定搭配,表示"(没)有接近(或进入、享用)的机会"。

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